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Programming Fundamentals MCQs With Answers For NTS PPSC FPSC


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Programming Fundamentals MCQs With Answers For NTS PPSC FPSC

Question 1: Which of the following are object oriented languages?
a. Java
b. Cobol
c. C++
d. C

Show Answer

C++

Question 2: In programming, a series of logically ordered steps that lead to a required result is called?
a.  a compiler
b. a program
c. a data structure
d. an algorithm

Show Answer

an algorithm

Question 3: What kind of languages are Cobol, Java, C# and Basic?
a. 1GL
b. 2GL
c.  3GL
d. 4GL

Show Answer

3GL

Question 4: Which is a typical language for programming inside Web pages?
a. JavaScript
b. HTML
c. Cobol
d. XML

Show Answer

JavaScript

Question 5: Which of the following converts source code into machine code at each runtime?
a. linker
b. compiler
c. interpreter
d. object encoder

Show Answer

interpreter

Question 6: Which of the following commonly happens to variables (in most languages)?
a. declaration
b. assignment
c. expansion
d. derivation

Show Answer

declaration

Question 7: Assuming that + and * are arithmetic operators (addition and multiplication), to what does the
expression 2 + 4 * 5 + 1 evaluate?
a. 36
b. 31
c. 26
d. 23

Show Answer

23

Question 8: Assuming that = and / are the assignment and division operators, what will be the outcome
of the following code in most programming languages:
x = 3
y = 7
z = x / (y-7)
a. runtime error
b. syntax error
c.  logic error
d. compiler error

Show Answer

runtime error

Question 9: Today is Tuesday. It is raining. Which of the following is True?
a. Raining OR Tuesday
b. Raining XOR Tuesday
c. Raining AND Tuesday
d. NOT (Raining OR Tuesday)

Show Answer

Raining OR Tuesday

Question 10: Which is a typical kind of variable for keeping an ordered set of values in memory, that can be
referenced as e.g. A[3], A[n+1] etc. ?
a. File
b. Array
c. String
d. Container

Show Answer

Array

Question 11: AND, OR and NOT are logical operators. What data type is expected for their operands?
a. integer
b. boolean
c. decimal
d. character

Show Answer

boolean

Question 12: In many programming languages, ‘otherwise’ and ‘else’ are part of which building block?
a. Loop
b. Counter
c. Selection
d. List structure

Show Answer

Selection

Question 13: Which term describes the mechanism of a function calling itself ?
a. encapsulation
b. inheritance
c.  recursion
d. polymorphism

Show Answer

recursion

Question 14: ‘Tracing’, ‘stepping’ and ‘breakpoint’ are typical terms belonging to which programming development aspect?
a. debugging
b. compilation
c. version control
d. project planning

Show Answer

debugging

Question 15: (In most programming languages), which statement would be used in the definition of a function, to indicate the resulting value when this function is called?
a. result = x
b. reply x
c. send x
d. return x

Show Answer

return x

 

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